Top Government Business Loan Schemes in India



Access to adequate capital is crucial for the growth and sustenance of any business, particularly for small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). Recognizing this need, the Indian government has introduced several business loan schemes to provide financial support to entrepreneurs and promote economic development. In this article, we will discuss the top government business loan schemes in India that offer favorable terms and conditions, helping businesses thrive and contribute to the country’s economy.

  1. Pradhan Mantri Mudra Yojana (PMMY)

Launched in 2015, the Pradhan Mantri Mudra Yojana (PMMY) is a flagship scheme aimed at supporting micro-enterprises and promoting self-employment. It offers loans up to Rs. 10 lakh without collateral, divided into three categories: Shishu (up to Rs. 50,000), Kishor (from Rs. 50,001 to Rs. 5 lakh), and Tarun (from Rs. 5,00,001 to Rs. 10 lakh). These loans are provided by various financial institutions, such as banks, non-banking financial companies (NBFCs), and microfinance institutions (MFIs).

  1. Credit Guarantee Fund Scheme for Micro and Small Enterprises (CGTMSE)

The Credit Guarantee Fund Scheme for Micro and Small Enterprises (CGTMSE) was launched to ensure easier access to credit for small and micro-enterprises. Under this scheme, collateral-free credit up to Rs. 2 crore is provided to eligible borrowers through banks and financial institutions. The CGTMSE provides a credit guarantee cover to the lending institutions, reducing the risk associated with lending to small businesses.

  1. Stand-Up India Scheme

The Stand-Up India Scheme was launched in 2016 to promote entrepreneurship among women and marginalized communities, including Scheduled Castes (SCs) and Scheduled Tribes (STs). Under this scheme, banks are encouraged to provide loans ranging from Rs. 10 lakh to Rs. 1 crore for setting up greenfield enterprises in the manufacturing, services, or trading sectors. The scheme aims to empower these underrepresented groups and foster economic growth.

  1. Prime Minister’s Employment Generation Programme (PMEGP)

The Prime Minister’s Employment Generation Programme (PMEGP) is a credit-linked subsidy scheme aimed at generating employment opportunities in rural and urban areas. This scheme, implemented through the Khadi and Village Industries Commission (KVIC), provides financial assistance for setting up new micro-enterprises or expanding existing ones. The subsidy component varies from 15% to 35% of the project cost, depending on the category and location of the enterprise.

  1. National Small Industries Corporation (NSIC) Subsidy Schemes

The National Small Industries Corporation (NSIC) offers various subsidy schemes to support small businesses in India. These schemes include the Raw Material Assistance Scheme (RMAS), the Single Point Registration Scheme (SPRS), the Performance and Credit Rating Scheme, and the Marketing Assistance Scheme. These subsidies and schemes aim to enhance the competitiveness of small businesses by providing financial and marketing support.

  1. SIDBI Make in India Soft Loan Fund for Micro, Small, and Medium Enterprises (SMILE)

The Small Industries Development Bank of India (SIDBI) has launched the Make in India Soft Loan Fund for Micro, Small, and Medium Enterprises (SMILE) scheme. It provides soft loans with lower interest rates to MSMEs engaged in manufacturing activities. The loans can be used for technology upgradation, capacity expansion, marketing initiatives, and other business-related activities.

  1. Credit Link Capital Subsidy Scheme for Technology Upgradation (CLCSS)

The Credit Link Capital Subsidy Scheme for Technology Upgradation (CLCSS) aims to facilitate the modernization and upgradation of technology in small-scale industries. Under this scheme, eligible enterprises can avail of a capital subsidy of 15% on institutional finance up to a maximum of Rs. 15 lakh. This subsidy helps businesses invest in new technology, machinery, and equipment, enhancing their productivity and competitiveness.

  1. National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD) Schemes

The National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD) offers various loan schemes for agriculture and rural development purposes. These schemes include the Dairy Entrepreneurship Development Scheme (DEDS), the Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana (PMKSY), and the Rural Entrepreneurship Development Program (REDP), among others. These schemes provide financial assistance, technical support, and training to farmers, agripreneurs, and rural entrepreneurs, enabling them to establish and expand their agricultural and rural businesses.

  1. Startup India

Launched in 2016, the Startup India initiative aims to promote entrepreneurship and support startups across the country. While not specifically a loan scheme, Startup India provides various benefits and incentives for startups, including access to funding through the Fund of Funds for Startups (FFS). The FFS provides financial support to registered venture capital funds, which in turn invest in startups. Startups can also avail of other benefits such as tax exemptions, self-certification compliance, and access to incubation centers and mentoring programs.

  1. Export Credit Guarantee Corporation (ECGC) Schemes

The Export Credit Guarantee Corporation (ECGC) offers several schemes to facilitate export-oriented businesses in India. These schemes include export credit insurance, export credit guarantee, and export working capital finance. ECGC’s export credit insurance protects exporters from the risk of non-payment by overseas buyers, while export working capital finance provides financial assistance to meet the working capital requirements of exporters. These schemes help exporters manage risks and access funds necessary for international trade.


The Indian government has implemented several business loan schemes to facilitate the growth of small and medium-sized enterprises and promote entrepreneurship across the country. These schemes offer favorable terms and conditions, including competitive interest rates, collateral-free loans, and credit guarantee covers. Some of the top government business loan schemes in India include the Pradhan Mantri Mudra Yojana (PMMY), the Credit Guarantee Fund Scheme for Micro and Small Enterprises (CGTMSE), the Stand-Up India Scheme, the Prime Minister’s Employment Generation Programme (PMEGP), the National Small Industries Corporation (NSIC) subsidy schemes, and the SIDBI Make in India Soft Loan Fund for MSMEs (SMILE).

These schemes have played a significant role in providing financial support to entrepreneurs, especially those from marginalized communities, and have contributed to the growth of the Indian economy. By offering accessible and affordable credit, these schemes have helped businesses expand their operations, create employment opportunities, and contribute to the overall development of the nation.

It is essential for aspiring entrepreneurs and existing businesses to explore these government loan schemes and understand their eligibility criteria, application process, and associated benefits. Each scheme caters to specific segments of the business community, ensuring that a wide range of enterprises can avail of financial assistance tailored to their needs.

Moreover, it is crucial for borrowers to have a clear business plan, financial projections, and relevant documents in place when applying for these loan schemes. This ensures a smooth application process and increases the chances of approval.

However, it is important to note that while these government loan schemes offer numerous benefits, borrowers must also consider their repayment capabilities and use the funds prudently. Proper financial management and business planning are vital to ensure the successful utilization of the loan amount and the growth and sustainability of the business in the long run.

In conclusion, the top government business loan schemes in India provide a significant boost to entrepreneurs and small businesses by offering accessible and affordable credit. These schemes aim to foster entrepreneurship, promote economic growth, and create employment opportunities. By availing of these schemes, entrepreneurs can access the necessary capital to start, expand, or diversify their businesses, contributing to the overall development of the Indian economy. It is crucial for entrepreneurs to explore these schemes, understand their requirements, and make informed decisions to leverage the benefits provided by these government initiatives.

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